Unlike the exciting and wistful tone of the beautiful dream with happy rhyming ends words such as key and free; run and sun; boy and joy the unrhymed words in the last stanza include dark and work. If the last stanza had the same rhyme scene of as the dream the readers would have been tempted to believe the promise of a true positive ending for Tom to maintain his blind and simple obedience. And so Tom awoke; and we rose in the dark, And got with our bags and our brushes to work. This strengthens the voice of protest which these two poems infuse in our hearts. In the Songs of Innocence, this major social issue has been perceived through the eyes of a little boy who takes every misery that his inflicted upon him in his stride with the hopes of a better tomorrow. This little boy is unaware of the gross injustice being done to him. The optimistic outlook, although comforting and real to Tom, is revealed to be unrealistic on earth.
The author is proclaiming a lesson that cannot be ignored by using this technique to appeal to the audience. White stands for purity whereas black stands for sin. Are your injustice bells ringing? In this dark version, there is an underline of protest and the sense of being wronged is predominant in the speech of the little boy as he now realizes the unfairness of the society which has taken his innocence from him to exploit his labor to meet their selfish demands. The sudden lack of rhyme is an abrupt return to the harsh realities away from the innocent and youthful fantasy that chimney sweeper Tom hopes to be fulfilled. And so Tom awoke, and we rose in the dark, And got with our bags and our brushes to work. O Autumn, laden with fruit, and stained With the blood of the grape, pass not, but sit Beneath my shady roof; there thou mayst rest, And tune thy jolly voice to my fresh pipe, And all the daughters of the year shall dance! This is a poem which describes the rampant bondage labor, child labor, exploitation of children at tender age, and the pitiable condition of the orphaned children or the poor children who were sold by their poor parents.
Blake was a nonconformist who associated with some of the leading radical thinkers of his day, such as Thomas Paine and Mary Wollstonecraft. Children could get stuck and suffocate which did happen , or get burned and bruised on a regular basis. This gives us an idea of the very miserable conditions and the cruel deprivations that these little kids had to survive in. The truth in Eliot's remark, for me, has to do not simply with Blake's indictment of conventional churches, governments, artists but with his general, metaphysical defiance toward customary ways of understanding the universe. Selected Bibliography Poetry All Religions Are One 1788 America, a Prophecy 1793 Europe, a Prophecy 1794 For Children: The Gates of Paradise 1793 For the Sexes: The Gates of Paradise 1820 Poetical Sketches 1783 Songs of Experience 1794 Songs of Innocence 1789 The Book of Ahania 1795 The Book of Los 1795 The First Book of Urizen 1794 The Marriage of Heaven and Hell 1790 The Song of Los 1795 There Is No Natural Religion 1788 Visions of the Daughters of Albion 1793 When my mother died I was very young, And my father sold me while yet my tongue Could scarcely cry 'Weep! This prevents the readers from just flowing aimlessly and carelessly through the poem as if it were a delightful nursery rhyme.
He learned to read and write at home. The reader wants to be as innocent and hopeful and believe the same message. The sin of organised religion, as Blake sees it, is to prevent people from seeing things as they are by training them in the fallacy of received wisdom. The middle of the poem brings heartfelt smiles as we witness the pristine plain being enjoyed by children filled with laughter and happiness. The green in the foreground suggests a paradisial landscape. At the age of four and five, boys were sold to clean chimneys, due to their small size.
Without the tools of experience, which would equip him to see this falsehood for what it is, Tom Dacre, like the innocent narrator, is little more than a ventriloquial voice for institutional control. The Chimney Sweeper: When my mother died I was very young by William Blake Poetry Foundation agenda angle-down angle-left angleRight arrow-down arrowRight bars calendar caret-down cart children highlight learningResources list mapMarker openBook p1 pin poetry-magazine print quoteLeft quoteRight slideshow tagAudio tagVideo teens trash-o. If you've ever owned a chimney, you know that it can get pretty dirty. At the time of his life when he was supposed to play and get educated, this small child spent his days sweeping chimneys and at the end of the day he was not even given a comfortable place to sleep in but had to rest on the bags of soot that he would collect. Three little figures at the top of the plate are barely distinguishable from it. Then naked and white, all their bags left behind, They rise upon clouds, and sport in the wind. This suggests that organised religion is built upon innocent pain.
Since that tender age the little boy is sweeping chimney and sleeping at night in the soot-smeared body, without washing off the soot blackness. Later, she helped him print the illuminated poetry for which he is remembered today; the couple had no children. Blake believed that his poetry could be read and understood by common people, but he was determined not to sacrifice his vision in order to become popular. For Blake, innocence is, in many ways, a total joke. See, you had to be really small to fit up in the chimney, so they used to give the task to kiddos—some as young as four or five years old. These words have a double meaning. It also suggests that the church weaves a fiction of happiness, pretending that children like the sweep are satisfied instead of suffering.
Tom and his friends are set free who run down lush greenery to go and wash their soiled bodies covered with soot in the river. Innocence The poem, a dramatic monologue, spoken by a sweep in the simplest language and in rhyming couplets, opens with a direct, almost documentary account of precisely the process the parliamentary report outlines: the boy explains that he was sold by his father after the death of his mother. The snow drives down and the sky is dark. In 1784 he set up a printshop with a friend and former fellow apprentice, James Parker, but this venture failed after several years. Then down a green plain leaping, laughing they run, And wash in a river and shine in the sun. Though the morning was cold, Tom was happy and warm; So if all do their duty, they need not fear harm.
They made themselves ready to work taking their bags for soot and the brushes to clean chimney. By contrast, the child of experience is a vocal social critic. As the House Report on Sweeps shows , the job was not only horribly frightening but also profoundly dangerous. That the speaker and Tom Dacre get up from the vision to head back into their dangerous drudgery suggests that these children cannot help themselves, so it is left to responsible, sensitive adults to do something for them. Though the morning was cold, Tom was happy and warm; So if all do their duty they need not fear harm. So your chimneys I sweep, and in soot I sleep.