In advanced countries, a farmer or a worker works with greater amount of capital equipment like machinery in a productive process. For example, in 1951, average productivity per person engaged in agriculture in the U. Size of Population: Still another important factor which determines the standard of living of the people of a country is the size of its population. Family planning programmes are being pursued on a nation-wide scale. Most have some college education and are white-collar. Unless one stints throughout life, one cannot hope to discharge properly these social obligations. The national income of India compares very unfavorably even with some Asian and African countries.
This brings down the per capita income which is the most important single factor that determines the standard of living. Educated people tend to have higher standard of living than the uneducated. But different countries of the world provide different levels of living to their people. Archived from on January 4, 2007. Productivity has been expressed and measured in U. Archived from on December 22, 2006. Long-term problems include inadequate investment in economic infrastructure, rapidly rising medical and pension costs of an aging population, sizable trade and budget deficits, and stagnation of family income in the lower economic groups.
In the 1990s, the average American standard of living was regarded as amongst the highest in the world, and middle class and poor Americans were still, on average, richer than their counterparts in almost all other countries, though the gap with some European countries had noticeably narrowed. The growth of canals, steamboats, and railways, as well as the public school system, mass immigration, and urbanization, increased exposure to diseases. The middle class continues to shrink and standard of living continues to decrease. Although this declaration is 60 years old, in many ways it still represents an ideal to be achieved, rather than a baseline state of affairs. Standard of living meaning in Hindi हिन्दी मे मीनिंग is रहन सहन का तरीका. The following are the main causes: Low National Income: India has comparatively low national income. No wonder that productivity per person engaged in under-developed countries is much lower than that in advanced countries.
He must have those commodities and services; over and over again otherwise he would not feel happy. Moreover, in developed economies not only capital per head is greater but the techniques of production used are much superior to those employed in under-developed countries. By the mid-1980s, 98% of all households had a telephone service, 77% a washing machine, 45% a freezer, and 43% a dishwasher. There was little exposure to epidemic diseases, and low wealth inequality, ensuring that even the poor were well-fed. Her work is well up to standard. Quality of life is more subjective and intangible. The higher the productivity per person engaged in agriculture, industry, etc.
In fact, there are marked inequalities in the standards of living of the people in different countries of the world. Know answer of question : what is meaning of Standard of living in Hindi dictionary? Standard of life is a much wider term. The rate of exchange between exports and imports is called the terms of trade. According to military records of American and European men, Americans were on average two to three inches taller than Europeans. Retrieved October 4, 2017 — via Google Books. The earlier list of quality of life factors might also be considered to be a list of things the United States offers.
A country's standard of living will depend on such things as its level of economic maturity, investment and productivity and the provision by the government of various social welfare programmes. He has also to consider what society expects of him. It includes many things that citizens of the United States and other developed countries take for granted, but that are not available in a significant number of countries around the world. Link to this page: standard of living If you and your Senate colleagues afford me the opportunity, I look forward to working with you in the years ahead to build a framework to enable the American people to enjoy the fruits of a sound and efficient financial system in an economy that is delivering the greatest possible sustained increases in standards of living. The standard of living is often used to compare geographic areas, such as the standard of living in the United States versus Canada, or the standard of living in St. If their income decreases, through job loss, for example, they might consider their standard of living to be decreasing along with it, however is this the case? For example, compared to a century ago, the standard of living in the U. The higher standard of living of the American people is due not only to the higher level of national income and productivity but also to the comparatively smaller size of American population.
Another difficulty lies in assessing those benefits and costs that may improve a person's lifestyle but have no immediately attributable economic value. The extent of differences in the levels of living between the U. Looking at our earlier list, while the United States, for example, might be considered to rank highly in all of these areas, most people would agree that for some of the population, the standard of living in the United States is actually quite low. In 2005, 69% of Americans resided in their own homes, roughly the same percentage as in the United Kingdom, Belgium, Israel and Canada. The Inner Life of the Middle Class.
The Structure of Social Stratification in the United States. Different price levels prevail in different counties. . The following are the main factors on which the standard of living in a country depends: Level of National Income or Output: The fundamental reason for the differences in the levels of living between different countries is the difference in their levels of national income. Average family income in real terms more than doubled from 1945 up until the 1970s, while unemployment steadily fell until it reached 4% in the 1960s. If there is large inequality in the distribution of income, then the standard of living of a few rich people will be very high, while the standard of living of the masses of the people will be extremely low.
If you live in a particular country, a certain number of vacation days per year will be the norm. Under-Development: Economically India is under-developed in agriculture. It is thus a compromise between what he himself likes and what the society expects. Similar to the standard of living, what would be considered a good quality of life by one person, may not be considered as such by another. In the United States, it's 10 to 20 days while in Denmark it's 31.