Leisure time is residual time. Therefore, when different individuals engage in the same activity, their state of mind can differ drastically. The modern explosion of leisure implies that one should feel a certain amount of guilt for enjoying work too much. Leisure Time Despite the persistent complaints Americans make about not having enough free time, the twentieth century ushered in an unprecedented age of leisure. Its use also indicates the diminished focus of leisure time within the family. The Autobiography and Other Writings. Unlike leisure, recreation has a connotation of being morally acceptable not just to the individual but also to society as a whole, and thus we program for those activities within that context.
They added that the mechanisms underlying this interaction were unclear and in principle, lower levels of leisure time sitting might strengthen protective effects of higher physical activity, either through independent physiological mechanisms or as a marker for greater engagement in low-intensity activity, such as standing. A distinction may also be drawn between free time and leisure. Definition of Recreation There is some consensus on the definition of recreation. Leisure is time away from commitments like work or school. The person is not influenced by external factors e. In addition to the prosperity of the times, technological changes—like the television and the movies—changed the leisure experience into a consumptive one for adults as well as teenagers. Time for Life: The Surprising Ways Americans Use Their Time.
However, there is a general consensus that there are three primary ways in which to consider leisure: leisure as time, leisure as activity, and leisure as state of mind. University Park, Pennsylvania State University Press, 1997. The other four days were then free to pursue a current passion—skydiving, bodybuilding, motorcycle racing, anything. The organized development of recreation programs to meet a variety of physical, psychological, and social needs has led to recreation playing a role as a social instrument for well-being and, in some cases, change. Perceived competence is also critical to leisure defined as state of mind. Americans slowly began to realize that overwork could be as destructive as idleness, and that a useful pursuit of leisure could be beneficial.
A March 1999 Gallup Poll reported that watching television was the favorite way to spend an evening for 31 percent of the respondents. It's the freedom to do what the heck you want. Definition of Play Unlike leisure, play has a more singular definition. According to , Americans sought to restore an equilibrium that had been disrupted by the hardships of war and the wartime separation of men and women. What may be a leisure experience for one person may not be for another; whether an experience is leisure depends on many factors.
In the 1990s fewer Americans were married than in the previous generation, and fewer still were parents, as many put off parenthood for a longer period. Leisure studies is the academic discipline concerned with the study and analysis of leisure. Middle-class reformers, who took issue with the rowdy, hard-drinking, working-class culture, began to view industrialism as a potential wedge that could come between workers and a more meaningful culture. Leisure expenditures in 1950 had increased tenfold from those in 1909, when Americans were likely to make their own music or toys. The specific activity performed is less important than the reason for performing the activity, which is the outcome.
You can complete the definition of leisure time given by the English Definition dictionary with other English dictionaries: Wikipedia, Lexilogos, Oxford, Cambridge, Chambers Harrap, Wordreference, Collins Lexibase dictionaries, Merriam Webster. Economic developments, like the decreased work week, increased wages, and increased productivity brought more free time to workers, and the changing attitudes toward leisure are a reflection of the greater role that free time plays in American life. Those who loafed beyond what was socially acceptable found themselves ostracized within their small, agrarian communities. The Information Age will likely change much about how leisure is defined. Leisure is more rare for some than others. Prior to the 1950s, teenagers had been expected to work full time, like adults. The likelihood will be that these shifts will occur seamlessly, as many think about their free time only in the terms of what they will do with it.
Americans' views of recreation may also have to adjust to a new conception of work. Recreation is an activity that people engage in during their free time, that people enjoy, and that people recognize as having socially redeeming values. The second requirement of leisure as state of mind, intrinsic motivation, means that the person is moved from within to participate. Soldiers had too little leave time, and war workers had too much disposable income. If more workers telecommute from home, will work appear less regimented and therefore feel less like work? Definitions of Leisure There is debate about how to define leisure. Twentieth-century America's preoccupation with leisure time represents an enormous change from the attitudes held by Americans settlers, who cleared their land and farmed it for subsistence. The Theory of the Leisure Class.
Search leisure time and thousands of other words in English definition and synonym dictionary from Reverso. As the middle class grew in the early twentieth century, its definitions of culture and leisure reflected their emphasis on hierarchical order. This development transformed twentieth-century popular culture, as new icons like became cultural phenomena, and encouraged the purchase of rock 'n' roll concert tickets, trendy clothes, and long-playing records. Americans began to reconceive the relationship between work and family life. Glencoe, Illinois, The Free Press, 1958. En su tiempo libre le gustaba leer libros de cocina y probar nuevas recetas. Perceived competence refers to the skills people believe they possess and whether their skill levels are in line with the degree of challenge inherent in an experience.
Around the time of , few considered adolescence a separate stage of life. We talk fishing at the factory, surfing at the store, skiing in the office, and when we make new acquaintances, we identify ourselves less by what we do for a living than by what we do to loaf … Wherever we are, inside our head, we're out there. New York, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1977. But in pre-industrial America, leisure and work often commingled. Philadelphia, Temple University Press, 1990. For Fun and Profit: The Transformation of Leisure into Consumption. Leisure as activity encompasses the activities that we engage in for reasons as varied as relaxation, competition, or growth and may include reading for pleasure, meditating, painting, and participating in sports.