It is 562 feet 171 m long and 187 feet 57 m wide. Appeals also lie to the Supreme Court in civil matters if the High Court concerned certifies : a that the case involves a substantial question of law of general importance, and b that, in the opinion of the High Court, the said question needs to be decided by the Supreme Court. If the High Court is satisfied that a case pending in a court subordinate to it involves a substantial question of law as to the interpretation of the Constitution, it may transfer the case of itself. The Relação de Goa was abolished when a Court of Judicial Commissioner was established w. Each High Court has power to issue to any person within its jurisdiction directions, orders, or writs including writs which are in the nature of habeas corpus, mandamus, prohibition, quo warranto and certiorari for enforcement of Fundamental Rights and for any other purpose. The Bombay and Madras High Courts were also established in the same year. The list is ordered according to seniority.
Administration of criminal justice is carried out through Magistrate- Courts and Sessions courts. The high courts are the principal civil courts of in each state and union territory. The number of judges in a court is decided by dividing the average institution of main cases during the last five years by the national average, or the average rate of disposal of main cases per judge per year in that High Court, whichever is higher. The main renovated building at the said Complex, constructed in the year 1925 by the Portuguese Government, was inaugurated by the Hon'ble Chief Justice of Bombay High Court Shri M. The court has benches in , and. The state of Kerala was formed by the States Reorganisation Act, 1956. Lush green grass invites the attention of any passerby.
Originally established in 1554, the Relação de Goa used to serve as the high court of appeal for all the Portuguese territories of the Indian Ocean and the Far East, including what are now Mozambique, Macau and East Timor, besides India itself. A book titled A Heritage of Judging: The Bombay High Court through one hundred and fifty years, edited by , Anoop V. The proceeding of the Supreme Court is being heard only in the language of English. The functions of the High Court are to interpret and apply the law of Australia; to decide cases of special federal significance including challenges to the constituti … onal validity of laws and to hear appeals, by special leave, from Federal, State and Territory courts. All these courts are treated with ascending orders. The court structure is set as per the judiciary system prevailing in India with differentiation of applicability as per the merit of the case.
The Aurangabad bench has a strong Bar of more than 1000 advocates, but Aurangabad bench does not have a jurisdiction for company law matters. Madhya Pradesh high court 15. This system provides livelihood to huge number of professionals attached with the system of judiciary in different forms and thus serve the nation with the service. At present Article 226 of Constitution of India has given the power to the high Courts to issue different writs. The peculiarity of this jurisdiction is that being conferred by the Constitution, it cannot be taken away or abridged by anything short of an amendment of the Constitution itself. India has a rich tradition of providing justice to the affected and the courts in various levels are there to serve the purpose of extending highest level of efficient juridical system all over the country. As per the , judges of the Supreme Court retire at age 65.
They administer justice in India at a district level. Thus cases built up during this interim period are judged when the circuit court is in session. They may soon have their own high court. The Delhi High Court was established on 31 October 1966 with its seat at Simla which was later shifted to New Delhi in 1971 after the Himachal Pradesh was granted the statehood with its own High Court at Simla. The is the oldest high court in the country, established on 2 July 1862. On the 28th of January, 1950, two days after India became a Sovereign Democratic Republic, the Supreme Court came into being.
It was designed by British engineer Col. A special postal cover was released by , the then Minister of State for Communications and Information Technology at the historical Central Court Hall of the High Court on 14 August 2012. He must be a person qualified to be appointed as a Judge of High Court. How many High Courts in India? Later it was included as a separate bench in the Bombay High Court jurisdiction after the formation of the state of Maharashtra in 1960. District and Session Courts: Depending upon the population and the number of cases, every district in India has its own District and Sessions Court. These rules and regulation along with the Constitution are elementary in fixing the composition, jurisdiction and power of the respective courts. So 22 high court are enough to resolve any kind of dispute because if lower level court is not able to solve the issue then only it approaches or further appeal is made … to higher court.
Punjab and Haryana High court 21. That drills down further to the courts of civil judges, junior and senior division, and magistrates' courts. In this, the chief justice of India is also consulted. Jammu and Kashmir High court 11. The structure of those courts are mainly made considering several factors like the number of cases, distribution of population, etc.
High courts are headed by a chief justice. The below discussion will highlight the features and the roles of the three types of courts so far the judicial system of India is concerned. What are your views on this? Only for the last 2000 years. But High Courts are mainly exercising their jurisdiction related to civil or criminal domain if the lower courts are proved incapable of exercising their power as per authorization extended by law. Here we are giving the list of high courts and with the establishment year and jurisdiction areas. The High Courts of Bombay, Calcutta and Madras exercise original civil jurisdiction when the amount involved exceeds specified limit. To serve the complainants of remote regions the establishment of circuit benches had been made to facilitate the service with the schedule of operation as per the occurrence of visit of the judge.
Khandeparkar were Judges of the Goa bench for a brief period. Abstract Courts and Justice system in India The courts are divided into three categories with top court, middle court and lower court. Under Article 32 the Supreme Court is made the guarantor and protector, of Fundamental Rights whereas in the case of High court the power to enforce Fundamental Rights is part of their general jurisdiction. The building has been constructed with sandstone. However, this jurisdiction of High Court has been taken away in respect of Administrative Tribunals set up under Article 323A, by the administrative Tribunals Act. There are different levels of judiciary system in India empowered with distinct type of courts.
Various Tribunals and Appellate Boards: The Indian Judicial System also consist of many Tribunals and Appellate Boards constituted for a specific purpose. About Supreme Court The Supreme Court the highest court in the country. Writ jurisdiction is also an original jurisdiction of a high court. After retirement a permanent Judge of High Court can not plead or act in a Court of before any authority in India, expect the Supreme Court and a High Court in which he has not worked. His duty is to give advice to State Governments upon such legal matters and to perform such other duties of legal character, as may be referred or assigned to him by the Governor.