Tilak and the Home Rule Movement: Bal Gangadhar Tilak, a celebrated leader of the Indian national movement, also started Home Rule movement at about the same time Mrs. It was decided that the Extremists be admitted to the Congress. Significance: The Home Rule movement played a significant role in the history of national struggle. Besant, however, was not ready to wait for more time and so laid a condition where she would be free to set up her own league if the Congress did not implement its commitments. Members of the league were powerful orators and petitions of thousands of Indians were submitted to the British authorities. The Leagues: Both Tilak and Besant realised that the sanction of a Moderate-dominated Congress as well as full cooperation of the Extremists was essential for the movement to succeed.
As for why the movement took place in India and who sparked the flames of this movement in India, we shall look into that in short amount of time. She also distributed large quantities of literature about her Movement. By 1920 the Home Rule League elected Gandhi as its President and within a year from then it would merge into the Indian National Congress forming a united political front. With its national headquarters in Delhi, the main cities of activity were Bombay, Calcutta and Madras. As per a common informal understanding between the two leaders, the Indian Home Rule league had to work in Maharastra and Central Provinces, while Home Rule League had to work in all India except Maharastra and Central Provinces. Find sources: — · · · · April 2017 The Indian Home Rule movement was a movement in on the lines of and other movements.
On her return to India, she started a daily newspaper New India on July 14, 1915—July 14 being the historic date of the fall of Bastille. Factors that Contributed to the establishment of Home Rule League: 1. But the governmental repression instead of demoralizing the people created great public enthusiasm. This organization had established various branches spread all over the country. Many moderate leaders like joined the movement.
She founded the organization 'All India Home Rule League', and it was through this organization that Annie Basant had popularized the movement. The Congress became directionless and mass movement lost the direction. For the first time, India saw a political party that was to work all year round, unlike the Congress which croaked once a year. As a result, the British Government decided to effect a change in policy and adopt a conciliatory attitude. . The Home Rule movement started: The two Home rule Leagues worked in close co-operation. The movement actually spread out and made its impact in the interior villages of India.
After this the all moderate candidate gave up the membership of league. The meaning of war for a common man was increased dacoity on his pocket by the government so; the common man was ready to join any movement or protest against the Government. On 16 June 1918, the Home rule league celebrated the Home rule day and passed resolution disapproving the methods and measures of the Government for the utilisation of man power and resources of India. The flag also contains a and a 7 pointed star. Factors leading to the Movement some of the factors were as follows: i A section of nationalists felt that popular pressure was required to attain concessions from the Government. For achieving of Home Rule, Balgangadhar Tilak formed a Home Rule League at Poona in April 1916. She set up her league in Madras now Chennai which later branched out to Bombay Mumbai , Kanpur, Allahabad, Benaras, Mathura, Calicut and Ahmednagar.
Although Besant failed to get the Congress to approve her scheme of Home Rule Leagues, the Congress did commit itself to a programme of educative propaganda and to a revival of local-level Congress committees. Many eminent leaders like Motilal Nehru and Tej Bahadur Sapru thus joined her Home Rule League Movement. But India lacked a solid political front and congress was just a deliberate functionary; not in a position of organizing mass protests. This was also the time when congress has yet not grown into an organisation which was active all around the year but limited to annual meets. Bal Gangadhar Tilak went to England to file a legal suit against Valentine Chirol. Besant and Tilak were not spared.
A section of nationalists felt that popular pressure was required to attain concessions from the Government. A lot of young men groomed by the home rule movement went on to become future leaders in Indian politics, namely Satyamuri of Chennai, Jitendralal Banerji of Kolkata, Jawaharlal Nehru and Khaliquzzaman of Allahabad, Jamunadas Dwarkadas and Indulal Yajnik, among others. The aim was to be achieved by promoting political education and discussion through public meetings, organising libraries and reading rooms containing books on national politics, holding conferences, organising classes for students on politics, propaganda through newspapers, pamphlets, posters, illustrated post-cards, plays, religious songs, etc. The repression only served to harden the attitude of the agitators and strengthen their resolve to resist the Government. Besant finally launched the Home Rule League in September 1916 along with George Arundale, who was her Theosophical follower. The advent of the home rule movement led to unification of the above-mentioned parties which led to the significant implementation of the idea of transforming India into the self-governing body.
Thus, a deep anti-British feeling was created among the Indians. Important to note that the preceding years witnessed a low political ebb and there was a need to revive political activities. This was bound to make an impact upon the nation. Gokhale and Pheroze Shah Mehta. But, the death of G. It gave the people of India to speak for their independence, and set a background for their fight and road to freedom. Was Home Rule League a light in the dark tunnel? Meanwhile, the British Government impressed upon the Government of India to release Mrs.
He also said that the acts of violence had only served to retard the pace of political progress in India. Also on This Day: 1672: English laws were introduced and Courts of Judicature were set up as directed by the Company. Moreover, Indians had to face great misery in consequence of the First World War. The league influenced a lot of people by its philosophy, primarily because the Brahmo Samaj and the Arya Samaj had not reached the majority by then. The repression only served to harden the attitude of the agitators and strengthen their resolve to resist the Government.