Nations with large population e. In all industrial societies there is high level of state intervention in production. Time is the most important factor and social change denotes time-sequence. Qualitatively speaking it refers to physical potentialities, mental abilities etc. The population of every society is always changing both in numbers as well as in composition. Singing, dancing, eating, playing belong to the category of culture.
Other changes that have a more or less cyclic pattern are less predictable. It is necessary to remember that physical environment changes slowly and in a society social change can come at a fast rate. The basic elements of culture like language, religion, philosophy, literature, faith and values will take long time to change due to the influence of another culture. In matters of social change, materialists take into account only such things as are of material importance while spiritualists consider morals, ideas and anything that pertains to faith. Class struggles are, therefore, likely to continue until liberation from economic determinism is achieved. They are the qualitative and quantitative.
It has created new social class and has improved the condition of women. Hence it has greatly affected the rural community. Consequently, social life as a whole improves, and social systems as they obtain after the Industrial Revolution have become considerably different from the old systems that had no touch of improved technology in them. During the last several countries there have been no appreciable change in the physical environment of Europe and yet during the same period a big social change came in European societies under the impact of the technology revolution of the 20 th century. Life became stable and located and the villages came into being. In doing so, he offered a theory of capitalism and class conflict between dominant and minority groups. Birth and death are biological factors without any doubt, but their social significance makes them more than that; these acquire the status of social phenomena shaped and moulded by the conditions obtainable in any society.
So what are some of the elements of culture? Social relationship is understood in terms of social process, social interactions and social organizations. Recently, however, the concept of has been trivialized to refer to almost any popular figure. According to him, it would be an oversimplification to state that the economic structure alone brings about changes in a society; there are other factors too that account for such change. Ethical values that apply in any given society are a product of indoctrination and as such when ethical standards are referred to in measuring social progress, the subjective element persists and scientific analysis may be hindered. Social change which occurs in the natural course is called the unplanned change.
Planning implies institutionalization of change, but institutionalization does not imply planning. The world is no more a mysterious creation for man because even in case of the natural calamities like flood, cyclone, earthquake and drought etc. The social structure of a society is closely related with the changes in the size, composition and distribution of population. Social structure is primarily composed of various groups or organizations like family, Church, class, caste, community, etc. He covered himself from the predatory forces of nature in the initial stages of his development; in the later stages, he has learnt to change courses of rivers, soil qualities, the very topography of land and other physical conditions whenever they perplex him with adverse conditions. The size of population affects each of us quite personally.
The changing genes that find living expression in the child after one half of the qualities of each of the parents is rejected in the process of procreation will distinctly change the social scene in biological terms over a span of a few decades. However, some other writers maintain that human society characterized by its permanence and lasting character, while any change is merely ephemeral in nature. The social effects of technology are far-reaching. In the first phase the change is slow enough as to be almost imperceptible. It means changes in all fundamental relations of man to man. The classic example of this process, as first suggested by Adam Smith, is the tendency in capitalism toward collusion and the establishment of monopolies when small firms are driven out of the competitive marketplace.
Fashion, sometimes also in economical aspect Karl max gave this idea. Theory that links population growth to the level of technological development across the three stages of social evolution 1. People adhering to different creeds or speaking different languages may thereby come closer to each other, and social change is consequently facilitated. In traditional production systems, levels of production were fairly static since they were geared to habitual, customary needs. From the analysis of the above definitions we come to know that the phenomenon of social change is not simple but complex. The terms like continuous, cumulative adoptive, transmissive etc. Revolutionary movements seek to fundamentally restructure society.
But precisely, its speed and nature are influenced by various factors. Hence, with geographical discoveries came the knowledge of new resources of nature and that in turn saw the beginnings of technological knowledge. Final Words: So these are the different types of social change in Sociology. Population changes: A population change is itself a social change but also becomes a casual factor in further social and cultural changes. Technological innovations Several theories of social evolution identify technological innovations as the most important determinants of societal change.