The limited facilities available are not integrated with proper refrigerated transport. Of the remaining 37% of rural households, 61% of these owned fewer than 5 acres, totaling 15% of total land. Vegetable crops are very important due to their higher yield potential, higher return and high nutritional value and suitability for small land holding farmers. Exports declined by 32 per cent during year 2000-01. Cole crops like cabbage and cauliflower are attacked by diamondback moth, cabbage butterfly, cabbage semi-looper and aphids. Additionally, cut flowers for flowers arrangements have sprung up in market due to demand pull by the local consumers.
Share of provinces in area and production of vegetables Province Area 000, ha % Share Production 000, tonnes % Share Punjab 367. Potato Potato consists of 25. However, quite recently increased trend in production of high quality vegetables has been realized across the country. The Export Promotion Bureau is striving hard to explore new markets and assist interested exporters to increase exports. Mango orchards are mostly found in Sindh and Punjab provinces that make Pakistan the world's 4th largest producer of mangoes. Research on post harvest value addition of different vegetables has to be undertaken. The Vice-President is Jejomar C.
They not only adorn the table but also enrich health from the most nutritive menu and tone up energy and vigour of the people. The Head Office is at Karachi and the quarantine stations are located at the seaports, airports, dry ports and, land border points for the convenience of traders. Pine nuts Pine nuts are 21. Documents Required for Export of Horticulture from Pakistan Documentation required for Exports: The documents required for export of fresh fruits and vegetables vary from country to country. Experts believe that if the emerging problem is not resolved on priority basis, exports may not move as fast, largely because of international sensitivity to quality issues. Policy of vegetable research has to be focused on solving chronic production problems through development of disease and pest resistant varieties to fit into various cropping systems in different agro ecological situations.
It is recommended that finance facilities may be provided to small farmers who are interested in exports. Not only can these but evident differences among health status of women and men are visible in Pakistani polity. This research group has following objectives, To improve teaching and research facilities to acquaint students with new developments in the field of landscape and ornamental horticulture. The south western part of the country is a plateau with an average height of about 609. Integrated pest management An increasing awareness and sensitivity to environmental pollution and health hazards due to the excessive use of pesticides has stimulated integrated pest management methods in vegetable production which should be pursued.
Thus many vegetables can be grown and seen in the market during any season. They need to be implemented strictly. The leading daily newspaper reports that the national herd consists of 24. Freight from Pakistan is more as compared with our competitors in the region like India. It occupies an important position i farming policies. Almost 70 per cent decrease in exports has been recorded in year 2000-01. Quality Control Standards of Pakistani Horticulture The current state of horticulture — one of the most vibrant sub-sectors of agriculture — generates hopes and fears almost in equal measure.
Vegetables are highly perishable in nature and have a very limited shelf life. Latest London based research Dawn 1 1. The consumption of these horticultural crops contributes in alleviating malnutrition and other under nutritional problems like night blindness, anemia, goiter, scabies etc. And have produced a number of brochures and manuals to do so. Afghanistan, Bahrain, Dubai, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, United Kingdom, France, Malayasia and Singapore. Potato, onion, chilies, peas, tomato and frozen and dried vegetables are few well exported vegetables.
To provide consultancy in the vegetable research and development 3 Floriculture and Landscape Plants Section Research Team Dr. Production can be increased either by bringing more area under crops or by increasing productivity per hectare. The statistics are as: i The number of orchards within l acre of land is 111. Fruits and vegetable production calls for an expensive investment. Mango, kino, apple, dates, pine nuts, oranges and guava are few well exported fruits and among vegetables are potato, onion, mushroom, garlic, chilly etc. We plan to continue implementing biological control in these regions. Despite steady overallindustrial growth during the 1980s, the sector remains concentratedin cotton processing, textiles, food processing and petroleumrefining.
Increasing productivity will not be rewarding unless technologies are developed for processing of vegetables, and the establishment of industries at the village level to generate employment and increase incomes of the rural people. The fruits and vegetables exported in fresh form attract discount prices because exporters are unable to provide adequate grading and packing. Quantity wise exports of chilly powder in 99-00 increased by 39 per cent as compare to 99-00; whereas value wise increase is only 22. Pakistan is the fifth largest producer of dates. The main objective of Pre Shipment Inspection is to ensure the quality of pesticides as per provision of.
However, the country has not yet been able to achieve quality standards and marketing potential. It is due to these factors the Karachi office has still not been established. In order to do this we will need to mass rear and find ways to conserve important biocontrol agents of papaya mealy bug, apple pests, fruit flies and the giant mealy bug. But, as the process is relatively slow, the Government needs to quicken it. The business can be broadly divided into two main categories viz. Mango from Pakistan is well known for its taste and quality in other countries.
For improving export quality, experts believe, the process should start by setting quality benchmarks in the domestic market. Muhammad Qasim, Associate Professor Dr. Please share your thoughts with us to further improve this post. . Therefore I have chosen fruits and vegetables sector. Emerging areas of science such as biotechnology, bioengineering and tissue culture should be given due importance in research and multiplication of planting materials. The need for high-yielding, short-duration varieties for water use efficiency is much more than low-yielding ones.