Critics of cultural homogenization theory point out that as different cultures mix, homogenization is less about the spread of a single culture as about the mixture of different cultures, as people become aware of other cultures and adopt their elements. The abominable and violent treatment of undocumented immigrants in the United States is a prime example today of a story that, alas, has repeated itself all too often throughout history: the ruination of lives as a result of racist, ethnicist, and nativist bigotries. A society in which no serious opposition to the dominant ideas and norms is permitted is an intellectually feeble and unhealthy society. Continued my reply because I couldn't let this one go. Behaviors and values are also selected in a variety of ways. If one considers the peaceful cooperation of all men as the goal of social evolution, one cannot permit the peace to be disturbed by priests and fanatics.
In doing so, I hope to provide a defense of genuine cultural diversity, a concept I hope to rehabilitate from its current misuse by the political Left. As global virtual teams become more common, the need to better understand how groups composed of individuals from different cultural backgrounds perform has never been more pressing. Below are just some of the reasons why cultural homogenization should be resisted by all advocates of liberty and rational individualism. They may have differing cultures and opinions, but it that wouldn't change if they were all white or all christian or all democrats or whatever. The nation-state, as it has developed since the eighteenth century, is often based on myths of ethnic and cultural homogeneity. Recent empirical evidence on postcolonial civil wars suggests that the most important factors associated with their onset are: a the regime-type of the state, falling somewhere between a full democracy and a complete autocracy, b the level of economic development, and c the level of military spending by the state.
There are enough white Americans that they could interbreed exclusively for at least several centuries without developing any genetic problems resulting from interbreeding. Those who are very proud of their Nation shift from 41 percent in 1982 to 28 percent in 1994, and this trend is present in all the countries, with the exception of Ireland and Greece. He found that the more similar the group was in gender, age and race, the less accurate it was. Irrespective of attempts to abstract away from people everything except some perceived essential similarity in religion, ideology, or nationality, human diversity is naturally too great for people to fit themselves into neat little homogeneous templates. Regan, in , 2001 1 Conceptual Issues Regarding the Causes and Frequency of Internal Conflict Early scholarship focusing on internal conflict proposed that there are at least three categories—or levels—of conflict, and that each might be thought of as having unique precipitating conditions.
A longitudinal experiment involving online classes was conducted and the results are reported. One of the ways in which Japanese think of their own society as unique is to emphasize the homogeneity of Japanese society, and indeed by lots of comparisons, Japan is certainly a much more homogeneous society than say the United States. Say speed of light within the medium. Every culture participates in these changes in some way. All countries are diverse, and have been for a long time, and will be long after we are dead.
Furthermore, justice, the treatment of each person according to the merits of his or her actions and in a manner conducive to human flourishing, fails in a climate of enforced cultural homogeneity. As John Stuart Mill eloquently expressed in , encountering contrary ideas can only benefit the individual and the truth. It will always be abstract. Volume 2 contains Tylor's interpretation of animism in society. Your belief that ethnic homogeneity is necessary for the prosperity of a nation is wrong, and you can just claim that it only works in economic prosperity but aside from being a conveniently conjectural argument it's also wrong. Since all human beings are fallible and all human beings have demonstrated the capacity to make mistakes from their earliest years, it follows that the sincere pursuit of truth requires all human beings to continually improve.
Essentially America was always a multi-ethnic immigrant nations while Croatia never was. Because of this, it's difficult to think of a situation where you could actually have too many ideas, too many cultures, too many opinions, etc. Each event in the scenario has its probability determined by the relationship to the other events. If you are of a mixed race, it helps if one of those races is white or if you have an Americanized name. Aside from that, cultural and social values are largely selected also, so the more the better. If one thinks of conflict organized along cultural lines as incorporating two nations within one state, with the conflict waged over control of the state or the distribution of resources from it, then ideological conflict can be thought of as fighting within one nation over two ideologically opposed ideas about how the state should distribute resources. Just as it is today.
. But it's all just a case of minimal of evils. The difference is that you want everyone to shed what they are for a new uniform identity that will make them be more cohesive while what I want is for everyone to continue being themselves and still be one nation. The study examined media richness using a modification of the adjective-pairs developed by Zmud, Lind, and Young 1990. Genetic diversity isn't just about not fucking your sister, it is about a constant shuffling and rising and falling of the frequency of genes in a population in response to some sort of selection. Other recent research has attempted to develop empirical models to forecast the onset of internal rebellion Gurr and Moore 1998, Gurr 1998. The result, ideally, is a society that grows and matures desirably over time.
He speaks English as his mother tongue. Apart from the European Union and from an evolution of nationalism perhaps growing dull with time and with the painful experience of past struggles, the thesis of the irresistible vitality of Nation feeds on the renewed violent outbreaks of center-European nationalisms growing on the rubbles of Soviet domination. The individuals in each survey were then given factor scores, which were analyzed for sex and culture effects. Frognier, in , 2001 4 The Future of the Nation Since the nineteenth century, the world has become one of Nations whose number is ever increasing in the framework of the United Nations. It's unlikely a diverse culture would provide the harmony to support such collective sacrifice. This process has been resented by many. One way to think about a necessary condition is that the masses will rise up only when expected gains from violent political action outweigh the likely costs.
In these cultures, boys are typically taught that men should never harm women and actually tend to be hostile to men who do. Decision groups distributed both temporally and geographically encounter a multitude of coordination problems. Turkey these days isn't as good a place to live in as in our diverse western nations. Such turmoil, however, holds the potential to expand into more organized violence. Fractionalization measures are computing the probability that two randomly drawn individuals from a country are not from the same group ethnic, religious, or whatever the criterion is. This applies to many European countries, but also to many postcolonial nation-states in other continents.
The world of culturally homogeneous nation-states will fade away leaving the stage for new mixed entities, particularly on the level of cultural homogeneity Habermas 2000. It isn't surprising that weak nations with weak leaders, generals, administrators, etc. The only large minority left in Turkey are the Kurds, and it is they who are causing most of the problems. Cultural homogeneity is always dictated by the leaders, not embraced voluntarily by the people in the culture. Culture is, like the group that holds it, a dynamic thing -- it is constantly transforming itself through the mechanisms of assimilation and exchange.