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The Mythology of Castor and Pollux

castor and polydeuces

Zeus also commemorated the birth of Helen by creating the constellation Κύκνος , the Swan, in the sky. Which children are the progeny of Tyndareus the mortal king, and which are of Zeus and thus half-immortal, is not consistent among accounts, nor is which child hatched from which egg. Pollux is a red giant that has finished fusing hydrogen in its core and is now fusing other lighter elements into heavier ones. The storm immediately ceased, and stars appeared on the heads of the twins. They allowed Idas 2 to divide the spoil, and he cut a cow in four pieces, saying that one half of the booty should be his who ate his share first, and that the rest should be his who ate his share second. That is how Aethra 2 became 's maid, following her to.

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Dioscuri

castor and polydeuces

When and Pirithous kidnapped their sister Helen and carried her off to Aphidnae, the twins rescued her and counter-abducted Theseus' mother, Aethra. She was set free at the end of the by the sons of. The best time to observe Gemini is in January and February. Marpessa 1's mother is Alcippe 5, daughter of cruel King of Pisa in , whom killed. In another version of this story, the four men conducted a cattle raid together. Owing to their warlike character, it was customary at Sparta for the two kings, whenever they went out to war, to be accompanied by symbolic representations of the Dioscuri, and afterwards, when one king only took the field, he took with him only one of those symbols. The fabulous life of the Dioscuri is marked by three great events: 1.

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The Mythology of Castor and Pollux

castor and polydeuces

Another account of the myth states that Νέμεσις was the mother of Helen, and was also impregnated by Zeus in the guise of a swan. Accordingly, the two spend alternate days as gods on Olympus and as deceased mortals in Hades. App Store is a service mark of Apple Inc. The constellation is said to represent these twins, and its brightest stars and α and β Geminorum are named for them. Pollux was granted immortality by Zeus, and further persuaded Zeus to share his gift with Castor.

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The Mythology of Castor and Pollux

castor and polydeuces

Their names were Castor and Pollux. Idas and Lynceus then tried to cheat Castor and Pollux out of their share of the cattle. Zeus arranged for the twins to divide their time evenly between Hades and Heaven, and in their honor he created the constellation Gemini. Hence, Polydeuces was immortal, while Castor was subject to old age and death like every other mortal. In the fight that followed, the twins succeeded in killing both Idas and Lynceus, but Castor was fatally wounded. On their arrival in the country of the , Polydeuces fought against , the gigantic son of , and conquered him.

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castor and polydeuces

Upon their return to Greece, they also aided in taking revenge for the treachery of , king of , by destroying the city. Inspired by the night sky, the ancients developed a rich and colorful story about the Gemini constellation. Paul is said to sail from Malta aboard a ship bearing the sign of Castor and Pollux. Among the heroes sailing with the Argo were legends such as Heracles, Orpheus and Theseus. Meleager is the leader of th Calydonian boar hunt; through Atalanta is the first to wound the animal, Meleager succeeds in killing it; Meleager killed his mother's brothers in a fit of anger, after which his mother tossed the log into the fire, thus killing her son. On some accounts, only Pollux was fathered by Zeus, while Leda and her husband conceived Castor.

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Castor • Facts and Information on the God Castor

castor and polydeuces

In the post-, it became a potent source of inspiration. Myths Involving Castor When Castor and Polydeuces grew up, they lived lives full of adventure and battle, catalogued in a number of myths. During that expedition, Pollux demonstrated his boxing skills by killing the king of the Bebryces. Their persona as horsemen made them particularly attractive to the Roman equites and cavalry. Their part in the expedition of the Argonauts, as they had before taken part in the. However, Leda attracted the attentions of Zeus, who appeared in the form of a swan to mate with her.

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Castor

castor and polydeuces

They are called Nasatya and Dasra in the Rigveda, the oldest written scriptures in existence. Which children are thus mortal and which half-immortal is not consistent among accounts, nor is which children hatched from which egg. It becomes visible soon after sunset in April and May. Story turned to myth, myth turned into religion and now it has turned into reality with our. These twin Spartan brothers are the sons of Zeus and Leda, a lovely young lady whom Zeus seduced in the form of a swan.

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DIOSCURI

castor and polydeuces

In Roman mythology, Castor was venerated much more often than Polydeuces. So Marpessa 1 was allowed to choose, and she took Idas 2 as husband of fear that might desert her in her. In the end, Jason finds the Golden Fleece and returns triumphant. Hence they are often called by the patronymic Tyndaridae. The cousins attacked the region of and managed to claim a herd of cattle from the , who were enraged. Castor and Polydeuces are sometimes both mortal, sometimes both divine. Others believed that, like his brother, Castor was also a son of Zeus.

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Mythology Chapter 19 Flashcards

castor and polydeuces

Castor and Pollux carried the women away to Sparta, pursued by their male cousins. This is why she bore, beneath the peak of Mount Taygetus in Laconia Polydeuces and to , and Castor 1 and to. Fragment 15 as cited in on. Castor was known for his ability to manage horses and Pollux as a boxer. The Dioscuri were charmed with the beauty of the daughters of , , a priestess of , and or Elaira, a priestess of : the Dioscuri carried them off, and married them.

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Mythology Chapter 19 Flashcards

castor and polydeuces

While Theseus was absent from Attica and was endeavoring to usurp the government, the Dioscuri marched into Attica, and ravaged the country round the city. As a result, Polydeuces was immortal while Castor was mortal and able to die. Son of Atreus; brother of Agamemnon; husband of Helen. Some time later, the cousins visited their uncle's palace; the , , and were present at the time. Some say that , otherwise called daughter of and , was daughter of and , but others have said that was untouched when she returned to.

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