This trend results in the degradation or devaluing of cultural values and beliefs. Tourists pay to be guided through the favelas of Brazil and the shantytowns of South Africa. Policy decisions for Antarctica are made only by supranational organizations, such as the Antarctic Treaty in 1966 and, more recently the May 2007 resolution that discouraged cruise ships with a capacity larger than 500 persons, required increased coordination amongst tour operators, and set passenger-to-guide ratios. Most of the countries have resorted to trade relations with each other in order to boost their economy, leaving behind any bitter past experiences if any. Things which took weeks for conveyance, can now easily be availed within a couple of days. Globalization has brought in fierce competition in the markets. While birth rates are tending to fall around the world, they are still higher across Africa than in most other parts of the globe.
People from underdeveloped and developing countries often move to developed countries to receive better education. However, with the evolution of technology, it has gained popularity on a larger scale. Globalization, however, has existed for centuries by way of evolving trade routes, including the slave trade, colonization, and immigration. Industries are using natural resources by means of mining, drilling, etc. Increased tourism has impacted the polar environment. When it boils down to it, tourism is great for not just individual travelers, but also the local economies.
Transportation advances are also opening more access to the world for more people. Globalization has helped in creating international criminal courts, and international justice movements are also launched to provide justice to people at a global level. Huge corporations from developed nations have great flexibility to operate in other countries. Others prefer collaboration with the tour operators to achieve sustainability. Government agencies around the world produce advisories and warnings for their citizens to stay away from dangerous locations and political unrest.
Most of the people choose the well advanced world rather than to live just like the way before. This group is also travelling more than ever before in history. Small-scale industries face extinction: Small-scale industries in a particular locality are endangered because they do not have the resources and the power of multinationals. . Also, the migration of people, which has become easier has led to better jobs opportunities.
Many people choose to travel to learn about different cultures. This is facilitated by globalisation. In establishing their businesses in other countries, they can take advantage of lower taxes and cheap services and labor. Although the term globalization has just been widely used within the last twenty years, the trend has been present centuries ago with the discoveries of explorers and the emergence of trade among nations. As the market has widened, the scope and demand for a product has increased. Waves of departing Indians and Lebanese are replaced by incoming surges of Burmese, Nepalese, and North Koreans. For anyone that is still wondering how all this trickles down into the economy,.
Unlike local people, travellers experience a place for a few days, with limited knowledge of the culture and local way of life. However, globalization has some advantages and disadvantages. Local traditions that have a rich cultural heritage are reduced to wearing costumes and putting on acts for the tourists in return for money. To avoid this happening, some suggestions have been made. The increases capital liquidity has allowed investors in well developed nations to invest in developing countries. With a diversified market, producers can specialize in products they have plenty of resources for.
With the evolution of the internet, language and cultural barriers are crossed. In many cases this is not working because countries manipulate their currency to get a price advantage. Host countries also benefit from this since foreign workers can fill the gaps in the local labor market such as health care and domestic services. Biking, walking, small sailboat cruises, rural tourism, as well as the slow food movement are examples of experiences that simplify life in order to better appreciate and enjoy it. Unfortunately, tourism can also be a source of problems too, especially if it is not managed correctly. Companies are moving towards the developing countries to acquire labor force. Infrastructure The additional revenue that comes into a community also benefits the local council or governments.
It is easy to underestimate the scale of world tourism without being aware of the figures. There are also discussions that with industrialization that comes with globalization, more wastes are produced and dumped in smaller countries with no regard for the environment. This means the infrastructure improves, with new roads being built, parks developed and public spaces improved. This can lead to political upheaval, terrorist attacks, or natural disasters, and tourism consequently dips or dries up altogether. They also have little prospect for promotion. Screening procedures can take longer and some items are no longer allowed on board. This article will cover the obvious, and the not so obvious advantages of tourism for the local industry, in addition to the main benefit of bringing income into a community that would otherwise have not been earned.
It can be a source of pride for local communities, and allows them to look at their history, and cultural heritage and develop their own community identity. Not everyone benefits equally though, as housing and other infrastructure struggles to keep up with the growing urban population. Efforts are also being made to offer alternatives for tourism transportation World Economic Forum, 2011 , including increases in the number of electric cars available through rental agencies. This is why tourism revenues are often referred to as having a multiplier effect, because a large percentage of every tourist dollar earned is reintroduced back into the economy, again and again. There are not enough personnel to monitor the natural resources and the tourists, to collect and dispose of waste, to respond to emergency calls, and to implement appropriate sustainable, environmental measures.