If you feel that you could use some extra points on a final test, getting in touch with our professional team can be a great idea. A general guideline for an abstract has five sections or areas of focus: why the experiment was conducted; the problem being addressed; what methods were used to solve the problem; the major results obtained; and the overall conclusions from the experiment as a whole. The kind and degree of usage of concise or of all methods described in the specific research paper are discussed in this section of an abstract. It also defines what was done without going into great detail. This will help to fill in any gaps. She earned her PhD in English from the University of Georgia in 2015.
Make sure that what you are writing is based on facts. The abstract also gives the readers a gist of what the whole paper is all about, which helps them decide whether or not to continue reading the rest of the research paper. . Also, the proposal requirements or the journal that you wish to be published in may have length requirements. Next, describe the problem or question to which your research seeks to provide an answer or better understanding.
However, you should remember about your professors' office hours and make use of them whenever possible. Justification of results The presence of this plasmid accounts for the gentamicin resistance phenotype that is often associated with organisms displaying an extended-spectrum b-lactamase phenotype. This article was co-authored by. Explain what caused the results to be so and if it is in line with the results of the previous work. A final tip about abstract examples would be to mind the formatting. Also, take note of the formatting in the above example.
So, poor formatting can lose you some precious points, reflecting negatively on your final score. Results showed that exposure to high-frequency product placements exerted a significant effect on snack consumption, but no effect on brand or product attitudes. In addition, we learned that some of the content of the original program generated negative family interactions for some. Avoid being too explicit in your summary and stick to a very broad overview of your work. Article Summary To write an abstract, start with a short paragraph that explains the purpose of your paper and what it's about. That uses up precious writing room, and should generally be avoided.
It is also customary, but not essential, for the authors to express an opinion about the theoretical or practical implications of the findings, or the importance of their findings for the field. On February 8, 2011, a Pew Research Center Poll found that 52 percent of Americans reported having heard little or nothing about the anti-government protests in Egypt. Start with the definition first. Make sure that you also include any evidence that will help to support the results and the interpretation of your results. This correlation needs to be explained to the reader. Follow that with a third paragraph that details the research methods you used and any evidence you found for your claims.
About 10% of food outlets are new since the regulation, but there is little evidence that the composition has changed differentially across areas. If requested, place a list of keywords on your abstract page on the line immediately following the actual text of your abstract. An example of an abstract — if you decide you need one — can be very useful for inspiration. If you have not been given a guideline, read through a few abstracts to gain a better perspective on how to write an abstract. Let's try and explore all of these questions, establishing what exactly makes a good example abstract. So, when you write it, make sure this small section fully conveys the meaning and the importance of your work.
The author also stated concrete numbers in the results so the reader is aware of just how much the absorption rates changed in each sample. A thesis, on the other hand, requires one. But remember that any example of an abstract will have an indented line with keywords, so try to highlight about 5-7 terms, no more. Example of an abstract from a teaching methodology paper Abstract The following paper focuses on the number of questions; in particular, how can a knowledge of cognitive or learning styles of individual learners help a classroom teacher be more effective in class; to which strategies it is more efficient to expose one's students, and to what extent can motivation provide for success or failure in the foreign language acquisition. This act was one of a few examples of a substantial number of law enforcement officers around the United States and other countries that are abusing their power by using excessive force against citizens without penalty. These style guidelines specify different aspects of a document's presentation and layout, including how pages are structured, the organization of references, and how citations are made. Put in 1-inch margins all around and be sure to set the text to left justify.
Make sure that all the citations that you include are considered to be relevant to what you are trying to achieve through your paper. Methodological features and numerous rules together with idiomatic requirements and other regulations can become an irresistible obstacle. Your abstract should appear on a new page of your paper. There are more question marks in the introduction, while the abstract suggests the results. Here are two examples of the same abstract, sample one is an example of a badly written abstract, while sample two is an example of a well-written abstract. Remember, that there are word limits, which you should follow. The abstract is the only part of the paper that a potential referee sees when he is invited by an editor to review a manuscript.
Notice the main points that the authors chose to mention in the abstract. This part is applicable for informative abstracts only. There are specific questions your abstract must provide answers for, but the answers must be kept in order as well. On the other one, this example abstract conveys the problem in question, describes the research flow, and highlights the results - in just a couple of sentences for each part. You should not place your keywords above the abstract text; this is where you should put the title. Other times, the organizers of a conference or editors of an or book will ask you to write one to serve as a summary of research you have completed and that you intend to share. You do not need to explain how you deduced the conclusion from the results obtained, only the end conclusions.
If you did your own work, include a description of it here. Deceptively shorter than the original work, abstracts also may even be more difficult to conceptualize due to the exigency of compacting thoughts into shorter sentences. Also, the author never states why the experiment is being conducted. In the unusual case you're describing, it really depends on the preference of your teacher or whoever you're writing this for, so you should just ask them. Elaboration These methods use a reactive medium such as iron to remediate contaminated groundwater. It is very similar to the results section of your paper, but it highlights only pertinent results used to draw conclusions.